Overview Benny Goodman. Hulton Archive/Getty Images King Porter Stomp. Behind the trombone solo here, the drummer. It was written around 1905 during Jelly Roll's tenure as a teen-age piano professor in the clubs and brothels of Storyville, the legal red-light district in his native New Orleans. An accomplished pool shark, Jelly Roll was known for flashy suits and hats, bandanas and spats. But by the late '30s, Morton was passe, or even unknown, to many of the big bands and their new young audiences. His ensemble music is played from New York City's Lincoln Center to New Orleans' French Quarter. tutti; baroque influence introduce solo melodies one at a time; part of a tonal group; trumpet: Taft Jordan; trombone: Lawrence Brown; baritone: Harry Carney; clarinet: jimmy hamilton; stop time, then call and response shout chorus ending until final ensemble, Billie Holliday; 1935 hired by Teddy Wilson; song form 8 bars ABAC; melodic paraphrase by Benny Goodman (clarinet); Wilson- harmonic improvisation (piano); polyphonic outchorus, emotional power, raw nasally voice, Ella Fitzgerald; 1963 ABAC; 3 choruses; gathers momentum with each; modulates up a half step with each chorus; trumps as a soloist; swings fiercely, first composed in 1921 by W.C. Hanady; Art Tatum arrangement in 1949; unique blues structure, different melodies, A (12) B (12) C (16); flashy jazz version; blind from infancy; humorous; first strain is dissonant; melodic paraphrase in the first strain; parody of stride in m15 by distorting left hand; break at the end into a coda, Teddy Wilson, piano; 1942; song form AABA; 1st chorus melody paraphrase; 2 full choruses, harmonic improvisation in 2nd chorus; coda at the end; plays on chord changes, 1939; new melody, but old chord progression to I Got Rhythm by Gershwin in 1930; Count Basie= bandleader; song form AABA; Lester Young on tenor sax; Count Basie on piano- minimalist in comparison to Coleman, Fats Waller composed in 1929; performed by Coleman Hawkins on tenor sax in 1937; Belgian guitarist Django Reinhardt; Song form AABA; 2 choruses long; melody target notes; harmonic improvisation ii V I. composed by Carmichael; Roy Eldridge solo trumpet 1941; Gene Krupa's band; Honeysuckle Rose performed by Coleman Hawkins, Lester Leaps In by Count Basie Band and lester young, Teddy Wilson pianst on These Foolish Things, King Porter Stomp Benny Goodman/Fletcher Henderson. Which clarinetist performs on this recording? “King Porter Stomp” made the charts three times, Although its popularity crested in the late twenties and early thirties, “King Porter Stomp” was probably written somewhere between 1905 and 1910. A cool post-bebop version of "King Porter Stomp" was made by the Gil Evans orchestra with Cannonball Adderley in 1958. “King Porter Stomp” was not copyrighted until 1924 and lyrics, by Sid Robin and Sonny Burke, were not added for years after that. Once submitted, all comments become property of JazzStandards.com. both emphasizes the backbeat and plays with brushes. He was encouraged by the impact of the Library of Congress sessions and by the fact that traditional jazz was undergoing a revival. Throughout the '30s and into the war years, big band versions of "King Porter Stomp" came to define the new propulsive, streamlined style called swing. When Henderson was hired by a young Benny Goodman to arrange "King Porter Stomp" for his touring big band, a new era in jazz was born. | But in July, 1941, before he was able to recapture that fame, Jelly Roll Morton passed away from a combination of asthma and heart failure. 'King Porter Stomp' Jelly Roll Morton wrote 'King Porter Stomp' back in the early 1900s, when he was still a teenager, playing piano in the clubs of his hometown, New Orleans. Articles And in his 1938 recordings for the Library of Congress, Morton pointed out that "King Porter Stomp" was not just a part of nearly every big band's repertoire. It has caused the outstanding tunes today to use the backgrounds that belong to "King Porter" in order to make great tunes of themselves." And most jazz historians would agree. All kinds of interpretations have been recorded over the decades: avant-garde, jazz and pop. hide caption. Jazz musicians, fans, and students of all ages use this website as an educational resource. He particularly liked one certain number and so I named it after him, only changed the name backwards and called it “King Porter Stomp.”. And the "King Porter Stomp" with Morton, the inventor of jazz at the piano, remains a fundamental element in the soundscape of the 20th century. Toward the end of the first chorus,the chords that originated in “King Porter Stomp” appear, and then reappear at various places throughout the rest of this performance.They provide the harmonic basis for jazz solos by Basie, and then Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis on tenor saxophone. Morton was poised to regain the fame that he had had in the 1920s when he and his band, The Red Hot Peppers, were taking New Orleans-based ensemble jazz to a national audience. Jelly Roll himself recorded a couple of hot retakes, including this one from 1939. Recordings Used: LOC recording of Alan Lomax interviewing, KPS - by JRM in 1923 at Starr Paino Company, KPS - Gil Evans and Cannonball Adderly (1955), Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe, better known as Jelly Roll Morton. Copyright 2005-2020 - JazzStandards.com | We Insist: A Timeline Of Protest Music In 2020. Bookstore | Jelly Roll Morton has a new popularity today. Morton's life was a topsy-turvy affair of recognition and obscurity, riches and poverty, first-class travel and freight hopping that took him to nearly every major city with a vibrant club life. JazzStandards.com: The premier site for the history and analysis of the standards jazz musicians play the most. His autobiography, "Mr. Jelly Roll," is now a classic in oral history. Theory In 4, bass pulsing beat; Fletcher Henderson 1935; Benny Goodman- clarinet solo; Bunny Barrigan- trumpet solo; march form AABBB; O: call and respone between sax and brass; climax= homophonic shout chorus; stick pattern of bridge improvisation and composition; brass and sax (standard) antiphone voicing; composed by jelly roll morton . In 1938, in what would be the twilight of his career, Jelly Roll Morton sat down at the piano and vamped, while he talked with Library of Congress folklorist Alan Lomax. And, of course, your background would always be with perfect harmony with what is known today as riffs, meaning figures, musically speaking as figures. The tune was performed by black bands and white bands alike, from Cab Calloway and Count Basie to Glenn Miller and Tommy Dorsey. There wasn’t really any meaning only that people would stamp their feet. JazzStandards.com - All Rights Reserved      He knew how to build to a climax. Artie Shaw. As such, off-topic, off-color, unduly negative, and patently promotional comments will be removed. All Rights Reserved According to sources in the essay “King Porter Stomp” and the Jazz Tradition (Current Musicology Nos. About, Chart information used by permission from. | It seems to be all French. Perhaps because Morton had viewed the piano less as a solo instrument and more like a whole orchestra, "King Porter Stomp" was adapted and performed by many full bands in the 1920s. "He was credited, of course, for 'King Porter Stomp,' but because of his character and personality, he had no bones about letting everybody know that this was his music and that all of it was his music. | The city's wide range of cultural influences are all there in this composition--African, Mediterranean, Caribbean, and American, simmerings of blues, ragtime, classical, parlor and marching band music. But it was Fletcher Henderson's 1928 version that put it indelibly on the map. With the onset of the Depression, Henderson's band fell on hard times, and he turned his talents toward arranging. That's a French name. When he talked with Alan Lomax, Jelly Roll elaborated on the differences between his people, the educated French Catholic Creoles descended from antebellum free people, and the English-speaking African-Americans they often disdain socially, but whose musical prowess they emulated in creating a new sound for the 20th century: jazz. information, Home | One O' Clock Jump. In 4, bass pulsing beat; Fletcher Henderson 1935; Benny Goodman- clarinet solo; Bunny Barrigan- trumpet solo; march form AABBB; O: call and respone between sax and brass; climax= homophonic shout chorus; stick pattern of bridge improvisation and composition; brass and sax (standard) antiphone voicing; composed by jelly roll morton, Composed and performed by Count Basie-piano; band- riffs, flexibility for soloists (like boogie woogie); 12 bar blues form; melody not until the end; based on riffs; comping: sporatic, unpredictable chords; Herschel Evans- tenor sax; Lester Young- tenor sax; Buck Clayton-trumpet; 1937, Composed by Duke Ellington; cerca 1946; like a concerto grosso; modulations; improvised solos uniform throughout performances; antiphonal voicing: concertino played by many people bs. Others put the year at 1906 and as late as 1910. Morton titled the song in honor of an admirer of his music, a piano-playing gentleman from Florida named Porter King. History Unfortunately, when he had needed money, Morton had sold the publishing rights to many of his works, including "King Porter Stomp." Which of the following best describes the groove of this performance? Morton was born Ferdinand Lamothe in 1890, the son of a bricklayer. The term for this is. And until today, this tune has been the cause of many great bands to come to fame. Permission & contact The flamboyant pianist and composer Jelly Roll Morton notably performed his "King Porter Stomp" in 1923 at the Star Piano Company in Richmond, Indiana. Jelly Roll was a commanding pianist and an endearing braggart who claimed to have single-handedly created jazz. However, this tune became to be the outstanding favorite of every great hot band throughout the world that had the accomplishments to play it. It was “King Porter Stomp,” Goodman believed, that saved him in 1935, when his first national tour was bombing coast to coast, until he reached Oakland, California...[Goodman said of Bunny Berigan] “Before he played four bars, there was such a yelling and stomping and carrying on in the hall that I thought a riot had broken out.” The Oakland triumph foreshadowed the even more spectacular success Goodman achieved in Los Angeles, at the Palomar Ballroom, playing “King Porter Stomp” and swing tunes inspired by it. Jelly’s Blues: The Life, Music, and Redemption of Jelly Roll Morton, Mister Jelly Roll: The Fortunes of Jelly Roll Morton, New Orleans Creole and “Inventor of Jazz”. In his book, Mister Jelly Roll: The Fortunes of Jelly Roll Morton, New Orleans Creole and “Inventor of Jazz”, Alan Lomax quotes Morton revealing the tune’s title: Porter King was an educated gentleman with a far better musical training than mine and he seemed to have a yen for my style of playing, although we had two different styles. At the climax, he actually starts building what we now call riffs, and it swings like the dickens, you know? At the outset and conclusion of this excerpt, the clarinet soloist plays short melodic patterns repeated on different pitches. I don’t know what the term “stomp” means, myself. this tune, any musical challenges it presents, or additional background information. interacts with the clarinet soloist and plays cross rhythms. | There wasn’t really any meaning only that people would stamp their feet. Lomax was especially interested in how jazz was constructed, and Morton expounded. slow ballad. "As I can understand, my folks were in the city of New Orleans long before the Louisiana Purchase, and all my folks came from France," Jelly Roll Morton said in the interview.

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