Gelignite , also known as blasting gelatin or simply jelly, is an explosive material consisting of collodion-cotton (a type of nitrocellulose or guncotton) dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with wood pulp and saltpetre (sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate). An explosive substance consisting of nitroglycerin absorbed by some inert, porous solid, as infusorial earth, sawdust, etc. [3][failed verification]. It was invented by the Swedish chemist and engineer Alfred Nobel in Geesthacht and patented in 1867. Dynamite is still the product of choice for trenching applications, and as a cost-effective alternative to cast boosters. Stewart Tendler, "Brighton charge: man in court today". To blow up with dynamite or other high explosive. The Quick Trick: If it's a white powder found in sticks, it's dynamite. 5. Christopher Walker, "Dublin Government embarrassed by Ulster explosives haul as hunt for source continues", Jack Holland & Henry McDonald - INLA: Deadly Divisions pp.212-215, Irish Industrial Explosives Limited website, "Orange Bombs, part 2: Loyalists and explosives, 1972-1994", "Man Released After Explosives Questioning", "Emotional reminder of Droppin' Well bombing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gelignite&oldid=984179610, Articles with failed verification from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 17:31. It was invented in 1875, by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, who also invented dynamite. [4] Due to its widespread civilian use in quarries and mining, it has historically been used by irregular or paramilitary groups such as the Irish Republican Army[5] and the Ulster Volunteer Force[6] who often used gelignite as a booster. Today, dynamite is mainly used in the mining, quarrying, construction, and demolition industries. [9] The Real IRA (RIRA) also acquired Frangex, and, in December 2000, eighty sticks were discovered on a farm in Kilmacow, County Kilkenny, near Waterford. Anything exceptionally dangerous, exciting or wonderful. The Gardaí and the Irish Army patrolled the area, preventing the IRA from gaining direct access. Today, dynamite is mainly used … At the time of his arrest 3.5 kilograms (7.7 lb) was found in the possession of Patrick Magee[7] and 300 kilograms (660 lb) discovered in a hijacked road tanker in January 1976. One of the cheapest explosives, it burns slowly and cannot explode without a detonator, so it can be stored safely.In the United Kingdom, an explosives certificate, issued by the local Chief Officer of Police, is required for possession of gelignite. The velocity of detonation is approximately 24,000 fps, and its color ranges from yellow to brown. a high explosive consisting of nitroglycerine mixed with an absorbent material and typically moulded into sticks. [8], PIRA volunteer, later informer, Sean O'Callaghan estimated that planting 25 pounds (11 kg) of Frangex would kill everyone within a 60-foot (18 m) radius. An explosive mixture of nitroglycerine and nitrate absorbed onto a base of wood pulp. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. Please add askdifference.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. It is more stable than dynamite, but can still suffer from "sweating" or leaching out nitroglycerine. To blow up with dynamite or other high explosive. The 1970s saw Irish Industrial Explosives Limited producing annually 6,000 tonnes of Frangex, a commercial gelignite intended for use in mines and quarries. A bomb, estimated to be 5 to 10 pounds (2.3 to 4.5 kg) of Frangex explosive, small enough to fit into a handbag, was left beside a support pillar and when it exploded brought down the roof.[12]. [11] The INLA carried out its deadliest attack in December 1982 with the bombing of the Droppin' Well disco in Ballykelly, County Londonderry, which catered to British military personnel, in which 11 soldiers on leave and 6 civilians were killed. The blast energy of Composition B is slightly higher than that of TNT. It rapidly gained wide-scale use as a more powerful alternative to black powder. Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers. an explosive containing nitrate sensitized with nitroglycerin absorbed on wood pulp, a type of dynamite in which the nitroglycerin is absorbed in a base of wood pulp and sodium or potassium nitrate. (figuratively) Anything exceptionally dangerous, exciting or wonderful. Gelignite (/ˈdʒɛlɪɡnaɪt/), also known as blasting gelatin or simply jelly, is an explosive material consisting of collodion-cotton (a type of nitrocellulose or guncotton) dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with wood pulp and saltpetre (sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate). A WWII-era gelignite cartridge, found in … It was invented by the Swedish chemist and engineer Alfred Nobel in Geesthacht and patented in 1867. It is safer than nitroglycerin, being less liable to explosion from moderate shocks, or from spontaneous decomposition. Dynamite vs. Gelignite. It rapidly gained wide-scale use as a more powerful alternative to black powder. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. As a verb dynamite Gelignite, or blasting gelatin, is a mixture of nitroglycerin, gun cotton, and a combustible substance like wood pulp. Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; A class of explosives made from nitroglycerine in an absorbent medium such as kieselguhr, used in mining and blasting; invented by in 1867. If it's a yellow crystal, it's TNT. A gelignite or gelatin dynamite may be looked upon as a honey comb of minute air particles surrounded by films of colloided nitro-cellulose. Dynamite. Views: 660. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. It is more stable than dynamite, but can still suffer from "sweating". We do not implement these annoying types of ads! something that could generate extreme reactions or have devastating repercussions, "that roads policy is political dynamite", an extremely impressive or exciting person or thing, "he threatened to dynamite a major hydroelectric dam". However, indirectly, the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) acquired amounts of the material. Dynamite is occasionally used as an initiator or booster for AN and ANFO explosive charges. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers. One of the cheapest explosives, it burns slowly and cannot explode without a detonator, so it can be stored safely. gives very poor water resistance and a better fume rating.

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